The Cold War was fought very much in the imagination as on the field of battle. Each party seeks to images of cultural superiority and Social Council; the stories of people corrupted by the decadent West or the persecution by the KGB, as the use of weapons. This conflict is largely fought on the screens in a series of films that, to varying degrees of involvement of the government. When the Berlin Wall fell and then the collapse of the Soviet Union, the writers and directors dropped weapons. Some films of the period were carried out in the years that followed.
Nearly three decades later the American cinema resumes the season with a vengeance. Movies that have been produced for the Cold War, sometimes at the beginning of the 21st century, such as athletics, which was released in 2007 but the comeback began with “the Americans” TV series, since 2013 has been accompanied by the secret intelligence agents in Washington. The final chapter was the air in the last month. Bridge of spies, 2015, the film directed by Steven Spielberg, told the story of the lawyer in the defense of the spy of the Soviet Union. The desire to conquer the field of science-constitutes the background of the Stranger Things series from Netflix and the form of money, Oscar-winning Best Film this year. The White Crow is currently in the production stage, is a film biography of Rudolph Nureyev Russian ballerina who defected in 1961. A new adaptation in six episodes of the book of John le Carré, the spy who came in from the Cold, about a British spy in East Germany, is also at the stage of perception.
These productions diverge spectacularly tone manes of many successful films at the time of the conflict, especially in the era of Reagan (John le Carré always subtle exception). For example, Ivan Drago, the antagonist of Rocky IV (1985) was the total account: “if you died”, don’t forget the phrase about the American boxer was defeated. In the movie from Russia with love (1963) Rosa Klebb has great pleasure in inflicting pain on their fellow countrymen and enemies. In his book Hollywood’s Cold War, the historian Tony Shaw sums up the Soviet celluloid from the past in this way: “usually dressed in a cheap suit, a black hat and had his face claim… a rare woman communist was a rut, frozen or repression.”
“They” criminals, ruthless, destructive and perverted; “we are” advocates for informed democracy and freedom. Even at work, more realistic, with more details or specific facts, motives and characters of the communists rarely been explored. It was considered more “opponents against the men of the West, demonstrated their superior skills,” says Michael Kackman, University of Notre Dame.
These psychopathic face tough today gave place Soviet citizens more tightly. “The Americans” have to do both with the marriage of Philip and Elizabeth Jennings, agents, and Russian (in the picture) and the experiences of raising children in the United States, such as trade. The couple struggle with sin and war. The memories of the past from the era of the suffering in Russia Stalin’s help to explain his devotion to the mission; even the doubts and disappointments, with the cause of Soviet arise internally.
The roles of the supporting actors are also carefully represented, such as a diplomat in the Soviet Union who is willing to commit treason for the public good. These characters are so human that the audience is convinced not only sympathize with them, but expect to be able to avoid being caught, even when they make a kill and chantageiam Americans. Hoping to promote in the bridge of Spies is a social Soviet agent Rudolf Abel does not run when shipped to your country Christmas. In the form of water Dimitri Mosenkov the world of Soviet infiltration is vital to the safety of the creature and his relationship with Elisa is the hero of the film.
In this story the idea of Western thinking professional and ethical – is open to question. In the case of Americans, is laughable: one of the funniest moments of the series occurs when the head of the Counterintelligence of the FBI discovers that the secretary was married in secret with an officer of Russian intelligence. Evil in the form of money does not Mosenkov, but disgusting the American colonel. In the strange things, the bad guys are scientists paid by the United States government using the Cold War as an excuse for dangerous experiments with the aim of exploitation.
The wealth of these plots reflects, in part, the profits of the intellectual collapse of the Soviet Union. In the case of “the Americans” producers and writers Joe Weisberg, himself a former intelligence officer Joel Fields and drew the details of the plot points (or turning points) of the archival materials that were previously inaccessible. They hired Masha Gessen, author of the Russian-American to ensure that the dialogues in the Russian language was in English. In the same way Simon Corwell daughter of John le Carre and producer in the new version of the spy who came in from the cold, says it will include the documentary evidence is not available when his father wrote the novel at the beginning of 1960. “The writer whose work is based in fact, does not have access to this reality,” said Simon.
But the political environment in Britain and in the United States of America also had a role. Confidence in Western intelligence services not absolute. In the novel by John le Carré, the challenge, the head of British intelligence thought bitterly that he “can’t be less ruthless than the opposition simply because the government policy is good, you know?” But faith in the spies, the West has declined dramatically after the war in Iraq and recent scandals involving the monitoring of services.
In addition, despite all the talk about “new Cold War” Putin’s intervention in the elections, and the training, many of the viewers of the English language don’t you think now that Russia is an existential threat. The need to convert criticism to the outside, visible in the 1980s, no longer exists. The fear dissipated as it became easier to put the focus on the personal side of the confrontation.
And these novels are more subtle and reflect the evolution of public taste. Accustomed to development in the minefields of ethical in a series like the wire and Sopranos viewers have already exceeded the stage of the story simplistic about good and evil. Proof of this is the film Operation Red Sparrow, which was released this year starring Jennifer Lawrence in the role of the seductive Russian that the target is a CIA agent. “Designed to make Americans feel better themselves, showing how their spies are more kind than their Russian counterparts,” said Denise Youngblood, a historian of Soviet cinema and Russian. Judging by the box office, the plot is not very original, not excited.
Characters of the Soviet Cold, draw explicitly on their own along with the geopolitical, makes the plot more convincing. And reminds viewers should doubt of the instructions of the stories that relieve the experiences and complexities of individuals. “Russia was always the land of the wicked, it also has its heroes and Saints,” said Rodric Braithwaite, former British ambassador in Moscow. Finally cinema Hollywood become creative enough to give space to all of them. Translation/ of Maria Martini